Strategies for the Improvement of Critical Infrastructure Resilience to Electromagnetic Attacks (STRUCTURES)

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Funder: ERC
Date: July 2012 - June 2015
Web pages: CORDIS
My roles: Task leader, researcher

Modern civilian society is dependent on a number of systems that must function together in order to enable society itself to function. The term “critical infrastructure” (CI) has become common terminology to refer to these systems, which include, for example, energy generation and distribution, communication and transport systems. STRUCTURES, Strategies for The impRovement of critical infrastrUCTUre Resilience to Electromagnetic attackS, was an ERC funded project that analysed the possible impacts of intentional electromagnetic interference (IEMI) attacks targeted at such CIs on our defence and economic security. It identified innovative awareness and protection strategies for CIs, which through the European Commission have provided policy makers with an understanding of the possible consequences of an electromagnetic attack and the mitigation measures that can be applied.

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A selection of images from my work on the project

The project was led by IDS with twelve other partners: UOY, EPFL, HESSO, UCBM, UT, Montena, HSU, BUW, LUH, ISMB, RWM and NAVI. Overviews of the aims and results of the project can be found in the conference papers (van de Beek et al., 2014; van de Beek et al., 2015).

video placeholder Simulation of a fast IEMI pulse hitting an office building (click image to play)

The video above shows the time evolution of the electric field inside a small office building that is irradiated by a plane electromagnewtic wave, which is an approximate model for the illuminating wave that would be generated by a strong IEMI source located far from the building. The video depicts the vertical electric field component 1.5 m above floor level in a plane throught the lower floor of the building shown in the left of the image gallery above. The effect of the walls and and windows on the field distribution can be seen particularly clearly in the “heat plot” below the surface plot.

The project considered the susceptbilities of different comonents of CIs, including cabling networks and equipment (Mora et al., 2016; Camp et al., 2015). Another important aspect of managing the risk of IEMI is being able to detect and localise an attack. The project considered different strategies and types of detection and locaisation system, details of which are reported in (Dawson et al., 2016; Dawson et al., 2015; Stojilović et al., 2014; Dawson et al., 2014; Dawson et al., 2014)

References

  1. Mora, N., Flintoft, I.D., Dawson, L., Dawson, J.F., Rachidi, F., Rubinstein, M., Marvin, A.C., Bertholet, P. and Nyffeler, M., 2016. Experimental characterization of the response of an electrical and communication raceway to IEMI. IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility, 58(2), pp.494–505.
  2. Dawson, J.F., Flintoft, I.D., Marvin, A.C., Robinson, M.P. and Dawson, L., 2016. Power-balance in the time-domain for IEMI coupling prediction. In: Proceedings of the 9th Ultra-Wideband, Short-Pulse Electromagnetics Conference at the European Electromagnetics Smposium (EuroEM 2008). Lausanne, Switzerland.
  3. Beek, S. van de, Dawson, J., Dawson, L., Flintoft, I., Garbe, H., Leferink, F., Menssen, B., Mora, N., Rachidi, F., Righero, M., Rubinstein, M. and Stojilović, M., 2015. The European project STRUCTURES: Challenges and results. In: 2015 Joint IEEE International Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility and EMC Europe. Dresden, Germany: IEEE, pp.1095–1100.
  4. Dawson, J.F., Dawson, L., Flintoft, I.D. and Rebers, L., 2015. IEMI detection systems: A low cost IEMI detector. In: 2015 Joint IEEE International Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility and EMC Europe, WS26: IEMI effects on critical infrastructures: The European project STRUCTURES. Dresden, Germany.
  5. Camp, M., Mora, N., I. D. Flintoft, S.van de B., Rachidi, F. and Leferink, F., 2015. Experimental characterization of critical systems and components. In: 2015 Joint IEEE International Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility and EMC Europe, WS26: IEMI effects on critical infrastructures: The European project STRUCTURES. Dresden, Germany.
  6. Stojilović, M., Menssen, B., Flintoft, I.D., Garbe, H., Dawson, J.F. and Rubinstein, M., 2014. TDoA-based localisation of radiated IEMI sources. In: 2014 International Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC EUROPE 2014). Gothenburg, Sweden: IEEE, pp.1263–1268.
  7. Dawson, J.F., Flintoft, I.D., Kortoci, P., Dawson, L., Marvin, A.C., Robinson, M.P., Stojilovic, M., Rubinstein, M., Menssen, B., Garbe, H., Hirschi, W. and Rouiller, L., 2014. A cost-efficient system for detecting an intentional electromagnetic enterference (IEMI) attack. In: 2014 International Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC EUROPE 2014). Gothenburg, Sweden: IEEE, pp.1252–1256.
  8. van de Beek, S., Dawson, J., Flintoft, I.D., Leferink, F., Mora, N., Rachidi, F. and Righero, M., 2014. Overview of the European project STRUCTURES. Electromagnetic Compatibility Magazine, IEEE, 3(4), pp.70–79.
  9. Dawson, J.F., Flintoft, I.D., Rebers, L., Camp, M., Schmitz, J. and Jung, M., 2014. Circuit and electromagnetic modelling of a low cost IEMI Sensor. In: EMCUK 2014. Newbury, UK.